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  • Writer's pictureJohn. W Engele

Personal Name or Limited Company: Which Should You Choose for Your Property Portfolio?

Comparison between personal name and limited company for property ownership. Image showing scales representing pros and cons.

The debate between personal name and limited company ownership is not merely a matter of preference but a complex consideration influenced by several factors. Historically, many property owners opted for personal name ownership, finding it straightforward and convenient. However, recent changes in tax legislation have reshaped the landscape, prompting a reevaluation of ownership structures. The introduction of Section 24 and alterations to tax allowances have led to a surge in interest in corporate entities. Consequently, individuals are now faced with the decision of whether to maintain their properties in their personal names or transition to a limited company setup.

Real Life Example:

Let's dive into a concrete example featuring Sarah, an ambitious property investor, to illustrate the financial differences between a personal name and limited company ownership.

Sarah's Portfolio:

Sarah owns several rental properties in prime locations, each generating consistent rental income. To simplify our analysis, let's focus on one of Sarah's properties, which generates £1,500 in monthly rental income. After deducting mortgage interest of £800 per month, Sarah earns a net monthly profit of £700 from this property.

Personal Name Ownership Scenario:

If Sarah chooses to retain ownership of the property in her personal name and falls into the 40% tax bracket, her taxable annual profit would be £8,400 (£700 x 12 months). Considering the phasing out of mortgage interest tax relief, Sarah would owe £3,360 in income tax (40% of £8,400), leaving her with a net profit of £5,040 per year.

Limited Company Ownership Scenario:

Now, let's explore the option of transferring the property into a limited company. Under this structure, Sarah can deduct the full £9,600 (£800 x 12 months) mortgage interest from the rental income, resulting in a taxable profit of £0. With corporation tax currently at 19%, the company would owe £0 in tax, leaving the full £8,400 profit in the company.

Comparing the two scenarios, we see a significant difference in net profits. While personal name ownership yields a net profit of £5,040 per year, limited company ownership allows Sarah to retain the full £8,400 profit annually. This substantial disparity underscores the importance of tax efficiency and strategic ownership structures in property investment.

Changing Tax Landscape:

The tax landscape for property owners has undergone significant changes, with updates to tax brackets, depreciation rules, and reporting requirements. These changes impact the way rental income is taxed, deductions landlords can claim, and the overall profitability of property investments. Understanding these changes is crucial for navigating the complexities of property ownership and maximizing returns.

Personal Name vs. Company: Pros and Cons

Owning a property portfolio through a limited company offers several advantages, including better taxation of mortgage interest, flexibility with profits, and limited liability. However, it also comes with higher costs, loss of some tax reliefs, and less favorable mortgage options. Conversely, personal name ownership offers simplicity and lower costs but may result in higher tax liabilities and fewer strategic options for wealth preservation.

Considerations for Decision Making:

Factors such as income, age, and investment goals play crucial roles in decision-making. Seeking professional advice from tax advisors and accountants specialized in property investments is essential for making informed choices tailored to individual circumstances. By evaluating options, considering pros and cons, and seeking expert guidance, investors can optimize the financial benefits of their property investments.


In conclusion, the decision between personal name and limited company ownership is a significant one that requires thoughtful consideration. By understanding the implications of each option and seeking professional advice, investors can make informed choices aligned with their financial goals and long-term plans. Remember, success in property investment lies in making informed decisions and taking proactive steps to maximize returns.

Video Resource:

For further insights and a more comprehensive understanding of personal name vs. limited company ownership, watch our informative video: CLICK HERE 

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